It is our pleasure to invite all the participants from all over the world to Euroscicon Neurology Conference entitled ''1st Edition of Neurology and Neuroscience'' which is scheduled on December 10-11, 2018 at Madrid, Spain.
The theme of our conference is "Recent Innovations and Discoveries in Neurology and Neuroscience" which covers wide range of critically important sessions.
Euroscicon conference's goal will to provide a scientific forum for all international prestige scholars around the world and enable the interactive exchange of new-fangled knowledge. The conference will focus on evidence-based benefits proven in clinical trials and scientific experiments and to stimulate new ideas for treatment that will be beneficial across the spectrum of Neurology.
Neurology is defined as the study of injuries, disorders, diagnosis and treatment of the brain, spine and nervous system including their coverings, blood vessels, and all effector tissues. There are more than 600 known neurological disorders are there which affects our nervous system severely but still for most of the diseases treatment options are very limited and research is going on. According to a global study conducted by World Health Organization 8 out of 10 disorders are neurological problems in which 3 are highest debility classes. Every year 6.8 million people are dying all over the world due to neurological disorders or injury. In Europe nearly 38% of total population is suffering from a brain disorder and in United States Stroke is the third leading cause of death.
Diseases of the brain, spine and the nerves that connect them are termed as Neurological Disorders. Some diseases of the nervous system, such as brain tumors, epilepsy, Parkinson's disease and stroke as well as less familiar ones such as Frontotemporal dementia. The nervous system control all the workings of the body so when something goes wrong with a part of your nervous system, you can have trouble moving, speaking, swallowing, breathing, or learning. You can also have problems with your memory, senses, or mood.
Diagnosis and Treatments
Assessing and diagnosing damage to the nervous system is intricate and complex. To further complicate the diagnostic process, many disorders do not have definitive causes, markers, or tests. There are a variety of diagnostic imaging techniques, chemical and metabolic analyses to detect, manage, and treat neurological disease. Some procedures are performed in specialized settings, and conducted to determine the presence of a particular disorder or abnormality. Depending on the type of procedure, results are either immediate or may take several hours to process. There are several key treatments for neurological disorders. Brain mapping is often used for brain tumors and epilepsy while brain stimulation is used for Parkinson’s disease. Neurosurgeons use three-dimensional imaging technology to operate on the brain so as to better target the precise area where a tumor is located and not produce any permanent neurological deficit.
Neurodegenerative disorders are a diverse group of disorders that are characterized by the gradual degeneration of the structure and function of the central nervous system or peripheral nervous system. Neurodegenerative disorders are often associated with atrophy of the affected central or peripheral structures of the nervous system. Some Neurodegenerative disorders are Alzheimer's disease and other dementias, Brain Cancer, Encephalitis, Epilepsy, Genetic Brain Disorders, Head and Brain Malformations, Hydrocephalus, Stroke, Parkinson's Disease, Multiple Sclerosis. Neurodegenerative diseases are incurable and debilitating conditions that result in progressive degeneration and / or death of nerve cells. This causes problems with movement (called ataxias), or mental functioning (called dementias).Dementias are responsible for the greatest burden of neurodegenerative disorders, with Alzheimer’s representing approximately 60-70% dementia cases.
Headache and Migraine
Migraine and various types of headaches, like tension headache and sinus headache, are painful. Symptoms of Migraine include a headache, nausea, vomiting, and are treated with antinausea drugs and preventive medications. Migraine pain can be felt in the face, where it may be erroneous for sinus headache – or the neck, where it may be mistaken for arthritis or muscle spasm. Those patients who think they have sinus headache in fact have migraines. It is about three times more common in women than men, and may affect more than 12% of the U.S. adults population. Migraines usually run in families, and can start as early as elementary school, but most often in early adulthood. They often fade away later in life, but can attack at any time. The most common cause of recurring, disabling headaches, migraine is also the most common underlying cause of a disabling chronic daily headache.
Neuroimmunology and Neuroinfections
Neuroimmunology is the branch of neuroscience that emphases on interactions between the nervous system and immune system. It encompasses both basic science fields, as well as clinical disciplines which deal with a special set of central (CNS) and peripheral nervous system (PNS) disorders. Neuroimmune disorders result from immune-mediated damage, and require diagnostic and therapeutic approaches that recognize and discourse this fact. Additionally, infections can be acute or chronic. Organisms that are involved in Neuroinfection disorders are bacterial, parasitic or viral.
Some Neuroimmune disorders are:
· Multiple sclerosis
· Multiple sclerosis variants
· Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis
· Idiopathic Transverse Myelitis
· Optic Neuritis
· Neuromyelitis Optica
Some Neuro-infectious diseases are:
Meningitis, Bacterial Meningitis, Aseptic Meningitis ,Chronic Meningitis , Fungal Meningitis , Cerebral Abscess , Spinal Epidural Abscess , Subdural Empyema , HIV-associated Conditions.
Neuroimaging and Neuroradiology
Neuroimaging and neuroradiology are the diagnostic techniques for Neurological Disorders and these techniques emphasis on the diagnosis and characterization of abnormalities of the central and peripheral nervous system, spine, and head and neck. Neuroimaging & Neuroradiology techniques utilize state-of-the-art imaging technology to help diagnosis and treat neurological and neurosurgical cases. Neuroimaging and Neuroradiology include computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Angiography has been usually used for diagnosis of vascular abnormalities but is being replaced by CT or MRI angiography and imaging.
Neuropharmacology is defined as the study of how drugs affect nervous system at the cellular level. It is divided into two branches, as behavioral and molecular. Neuro pharmacology involves the study of how drug dependence and addiction affect the human brain. Neuropharmacology as a branch of pharmacology evolved during the past 50 years with the introduction of drugs for neurologic disorders. Neuropharmacology is a very broad region of science that encompasses many aspects of the nervous system from single neuron manipulation to entire areas of the brain, spinal cord, and peripheral nerves. To better understand the basis behind drug development, one must first understand how neurons communicate with one another.
The cells of the nervous system express a huge number of distinctive genes whose protein products define the function of these cells. Molecular studies focus on understanding the structure and regulation of these genes and determining the roles that these genes play in the function of individual cells and networks in the developing, mature and diseased nervous system. In molecular neuroscience we can understand how neurons are born and migrate, and how they form synaptic connections. By understanding how synapses function and undergo plasticity also allows insights into the molecular underpinnings of memory formation in the brain. Molecular Neuroscience involves the understanding that how the brain develops and responds to outside stimuli. The interaction of the complex molecular machinery of the neuronal membrane with the dynamics of electrical potentials is critical to understanding the synaptic contacts where neurons communicate with each other.
Central Nervous System
The central nervous system is comprised of two major body organs – the brain and the spinal cord. These two extremely important organs make cognition, sensation, movement and other physiological functions possible.The spinal cord consists of 32 segments and the brain consists of the brain stem,diencephalon,cerebellum,and cerebrum.There are 12 cranial nerves which are attached to the brain form the upper part of the peripheral nervous system and record general sensations of pain, temperature,touch, and pressure.The blood supply to the brain originates from the first major arterial branches from the first major arterial branches from the heart,ensuring that over 20% of the entire supply of oxygenated blood flows directly into the brain.
Neuro-oncology is the branch of medical science deals with tumors of the nervous system. Cancers of the nervous system are often severe conditions that eventually become life threatening. Neuro-oncology involves the cancers of the nervous system that arise due to cancer that has spread from another part of the body and may occur as primary tumors or as secondary or metastatic tumors. Tumors that can occur at any age but often affect people while they are in their prime are Primary Tumors. Most primary cancers are more common among males than females, although meningiomas are more common among females. Tumors can spread to the nervous system from another site of origin through metastasis, compression or direct invasion are Secondary Tumors.
Neuromuscular and Neurovascular Disorders
Neuromuscular disorders characterize a broad spectrum of nerve-related disorders and conditions that affect the body’s voluntary muscles. Neuromuscular disorders cause the weakening of muscles in the body because of interrupted communication between the nervous system and the muscles it controls. Neurovascular disorders includes narrowing of arteries, which reduces blood flow to the brain and increases the risk of stroke, and weakening of arteries, which may create brain aneurysms and increases the risk of intracranial bleeding. According to the Brain Aneurysm Foundation, cerebral aneurysms affect an estimated 6 million Americans and are responsible for close to half a million deaths worldwide each year, with half the victims age 50 and younger. Approximately 1 million strokes occur in the United States each year, with 10% to 15% attributed to intracranial atherosclerotic disease.
Pediatric Neurology includes disorders of the brain, spinal cord, peripheral nerve and muscle affecting newborns, children and adolescents. This robust variety of conditions allows child neurologists to structure their scientific or clinical careers according to their clinical or research interests. Overall, about 40% to 50% of the patients treated in a typical pediatric neurology practice have epilepsy, while 20% have learning difficulties or developmental problems and 20% are suffering from headaches. The remainder are treated for rare or unusual conditions such as metabolic or genetic disease. Approx. 1,300 U.S children experience severe or fatal brain trauma from child abuse. A wide range of neurological disorders, such as epilepsy and neurological diseases, can be present in children.
Neurotoxicology refers to the study of the effects of toxins and poisons on the nervous system. For thousands of years humans have searched out causes that affect the nervous system. Many people today are regular users of alcohol, caffeine, or other agents designed to affect the nervous system. Advances in understanding the structure and function of the nervous system have enhanced the development of chemicals for treating diseases such as Parkinson's syndrome, Alzheimer's disease, and mild depression. Neurotoxicity can result from exposure to substances used in chemotherapy, radiation treatment , drug therapies, certain drug abuse, and organ transplants, as well as exposure to heavy metals, pesticides, industrial solvents, cosmetics and some naturally occurring substances.
Autism and Stimming
Autism denotes to a range of conditions characterized by challenges with social skills, repetitive behavior, speech and nonverbal communication, as well as by unique strengths and differences. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates autism’s prevalence as 1 in 68 children in the United States.There are around 7,00,00 autistic people in the UK - that's more than 1 in 100.An estimated 50,000 teens with autism become adults. Stimming denotes to a repetitive body movement that self-stimulates one or more senses in a regulated manner. This type of behavior is common in those with autism and those with developmental disabilities. Stimming involve the use of all the senses, including visual, sound, smell, touch, taste. Stimming is an area that’s still being researched, but some researchers suggest that stimming arouses the nervous system and provides a pleasure response from the release of certain chemicals found in the brain called beta-endorphins. Beta-endorphins in the central nervous system are responsible for producing dopamine, which is known to increase pleasure sensations.
On behalf of the Euroscicon Conference, I am delighted to invite attendees, presenters and exhibitors from all over the world to the Euroscicon Neurology Conference which will be held during December 10-11, 2018 in Madrid, Spain. Euroscicon Neurology Conference 2018 provides an ideal academic platform for researchers to present the latest research findings and describe emerging ideas, and recent innovations in the field of Neurology. The conference seeks to contribute to presenting novel research results in Neurology and its allied areas.
The conference aims to bring organized leading neurology scientists, researchers and research scholars to exchange and exchange their experiences and research results. It also provides the premier interdisciplinary forum for scientists, professors, doctors, and practitioners to present their latest research results, ideas, innovations, and application. The conference will bring together leading neurology scientists, researchers and scholars in the domain of interest from around the world.
The conference's goal will to provide a scientific forum for all international prestige scholars around the world and enable the interactive exchange of new-fangled knowledge. The conference will focus on evidence-based benefits proven in clinical trials and scientific experiments and to stimulate new ideas for treatment that will be beneficial across the spectrum of Neurology.
The market analysis of neurology represents the largest market in medical sector. Market analysis of neurology is based on probability of approval and sales of products in late development stage, and sales of product. Central Nervous System therapeutics comprises about 15% of total pharmaceutical sales, approximately $30 billion worldwide.
Population of Spain is around 46.4 million and Spain is an important market within the EU for medical products. Healthcare institutions are the main purchasers of medical equipment and supplies and represent 75 -80 % of the market. These include public hospitals, health centers, research institutes, etc. The regions of Madrid and Catalonia account for over 80 % of medical equipment sales.
Approx. annual economic costs of anxiety disorders, depression, and schizophrenia are $47 billion, $44 billion, and $33 billion per year approx. The goal of this conference is to understand the market Value & Growth of Neurology Drugs, Current economics cost of clinical research and development.
In 2010 in Europe the European Brain Council assessed that alone cost of neurological illnesses one trillion dollars every year
Spain, officially the Kingdom of Spain is the second largest country in Western Europe and the European Union. There are about 15 Universities in and around Spain which are working in the field of Neurology and Neurological disorders. About 1000 neurologist, psychiatrist and neurosurgeons are working entirely on Neurological disorder in Spain. Along with professional services, media companies are concentrated in Spain and the media distribution industry is Spain’s second most competitive sector.
World Health Organization has ranked the Spanish healthcare system as the 7th best in the world. According to a more latest 2014 Bloomberg report on efficiency of health care systems, Spain scored better than Switzerland, Sweden, Canada and Germany and United States that scored 44th place. In Spain there are more than 800 hospitals serviced by 450,000 doctors and nurses. All of the hospitals in Spain are recognized and supervised by the Spanish Ministry of Health.
In Spain doctors are trained for nearly 6 to 7 years before they are qualified and eligible for their degree. Specializations, such as those required for surgeons, require additional years of study and training before the doctors are certified as licensed.
Tourist attractions in Spain
· Aquedust of Segovia
· Cuenca La Concha
· Palacio Real
· Running of the Bulls
· Sagrada Familia
· EI Escorial
· Mezquita of Cordoba
In Spain there are around 20 associations of Neurology.
Some of them are:
Spanish Society of Neurology
Spanish Spinal Cord Injury Association
Spanish Spine society
The European Association of Neurosurgical Societies
Spanish Society of Paraplegia (SEP)
Spanish Society Of Orthopaedics And Traumatology (SECOT)
Neurosurgery Spanish Society
There are around 200 universities in Spain which are working in the field of Neurology.
Some of them are:
La Trobe University
Universitat Rovira I Virgili
VU University Amsterdam
University of Gottingen
University of Skovde
New Bulgarian University
University of Helsinki
Pompeu Fabra University
Universitat de Barcelona
Hospitals Associated with Neurology Research
Some hospitals working on Neurology around the world are:
Johns Hopkins Hospital
World Brain Center Hospital
Duke University Hospital
Munson Medical Center
Northwestern Memorial Hospital
There are around 120 hospitals in Spain exclusively working on Neurology
Some of them are:
· Hospital Universitario HM Madrid
· Vithas Xanit International Hospital
· Hospital Ruber International
· Centre Medic Teknon
· University Hospital HM Monteprincipe
· Hospital Group Quironsalud
· Hospital Universitario HM Sanchinarro
Top ranked Neurology companies around the world.
· OncoVision (Spain)
· Brainomix (UK)
· Intento SA (Switzerland)
· Trevena (USA)
· AcelRx Pharmaceuticals,Inc (USA)
· Medivation (USA)
· reHaptix GmbH (Switzerland)
· Mintlabs (Spain)
· Biogen Idec (USA)
· Advanced Accelerator Applications (France)