Neurology Conference 2021
Sessions & Tracks
Track 1: Neurology & Neurogenesis
Neurology : It is branch of medicine which deals with disorders of nervous system which includes central nervous system and peripheral nervous system. Neurology also includes diagnosis and treatment of both central and peripheral nervous system. Neurologists are one who treats disorders which are related to brain, spinal cord and nerves. They are about 600 neurological disorders which affect nervous system and muscular system still we have few unknown diseases on which research is going on. Neurons or nerve cell are building block of nervous system which carries the electrical impulses. These are specialized to carry the message through electrochemical process. It consists of dendrites, axon, nodes of ranvier, myelin sheath, etc. Neurons help in the transmission of the information throughout the body. Two types of neurons are found sensory neuron and motor neuron.
Neurogenesis: A series of action from nervous system cells, known as neurons are produced by neural stem cells. Adult neurogenesis is differing markedly because it differs in mammals and adults. In mammals it is continually born whereas in adult it has two regions that is sub granular zone and sub ventricular zone. Much more attention has been paid to neurogenesis in the dentate gyrus than in the striatum. Neurogenesis play a vital role in memory, emotion, injury and many more.
Track 2: Neuromuscular Disorders
Neuromuscular disorders affect the nerves that control your own voluntary muscles. Voluntary muscles are the ones which we can control by our self like in your arms and legs. Your nerve cells also called as neurons, send the messages that control these muscles. When the neurons become delicate or die, communication between your nervous system and muscles breaks down. As a result, your muscles weaken and waste away this weakness can lead to twitching, cramps, aches, pains, and joint and movement problems. Frequently it also affects heart function and your ability to breathe.
- Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
- Multiple sclerosis
- Myasthenia gravis
- Spinal muscular atrophy
Track 3: Neurocognitive Disorders
Neurocognitive disorder is a general term that describes decreased mental function due to a medical disease other than a psychiatric illness. Neurocognitive disorders are classified into two type’s major neurocognitive disorder and minor neurocognitive disorder. Major neurocognitive disorder was previously known as dementia. Neurocognitive disorders affect memory, attention, learning, language, perception, and social cognition.
cognitive neuroscience is the scientific field that is concerned with the study of the biological processes and aspects that underlie cognition, with a specific focus on the neural connections in the brain which are involved in mental processes. It addresses the questions of how cognitive activities are affected or controlled by neural circuits in the brain. Cognitive neuroscience is a branch of both neuroscience and psychology, overlapping with disciplines such as physiological psychology, cognitive psychology, and neuropsychology. Cognitive neuroscience relies upon theories in cognitive science coupled with evidence from neuropsychology, and computational modelling.
Track 4: Central Nervous System
The central nervous system is the part of the nervous system consisting of the brain and spinal cord. It is referred as central because it combines information from the entire body and coordinated activity over the whole organism. Cns disorders can affect either the brain or the spinal cord which conclusion in psychiatric disorders or neurological disorders. The causes of cns diseases are the neurology, trauma, autoimmune disorders, infections, structural defects, degeneration and tumors. So here we target on mood disorders, neurodegenerative diseases, schizophrenia and autism. Meningitis is an almost rare infection that affects the delicate membranes called meninges that cover the brain and spinal cord. By infection or allergic reactions, inflammation of brain occurs, it is known as encephalitis.
Track 5: Cognition and Behavior
When nerve cells in the brain are injured, they can no longer send information to each other in the regular way. This affects in the person’s behavior and abilities. Individuals with a moderate-to-severe brain injury often have problems in basic cognitive skills (thinking skills) such as concentration, paying attention and remembering new information and events. They may speak slowly, think slowly and solve problems slowly and confused easily when things become too noisy or normal things gets changed or hectic around them. A person may have trouble with all the complex cognitive activities necessary to be competent and independent in our complex world. The brain processes huge amounts of complex information all the time that allows us to function independently in our daily lives. This activity is known as executive function because it means being the executive or being in charge of one's own life.
Track 6 : Dementia
Dementia is a wide category of brain diseases that cause a long-term and often gradual decrease in the thinking ability and remember that is severe enough to affect daily functioning. Other common symptoms comprise difficulties with language, emotional problems and a decrease in motivation but consciousness is generally not affected. It diagnosis requires a change from a person’s normal mental functioning and greater decline than one would expect due to aging. These diseases have a significant effect on caregivers. The major common type of dementia is alzheimer’s disease which makes up 50-70% of cases. Excluding alzheimer other common types including vascular dementia (25%), dementia with lewy bodies (15%). Dementia is the disease which is most commonly occurs in elderly individuals, with advancing age being the strongest risk factor.
Track 7: Neurophysiology And Neuropathology
Neuropathology is the study of disease of nervous system tissue, usually in the form of either small surgical biopsies or whole-body autopsies. Neuropathologists usually work in a department of anatomic pathology, but work closely with the clinical disciplines of neurology, and neurosurgery, which often depend on neuropathology for a diagnosis.
Neurophysiology could be a medical method that plans to assist and recovery from system injury. Recovery is associate degree entrance to decrease sensory system abscesses during this manner increasing the neural repair. Neural recovery program is associate degree expected to create heedfulness regarding the medical specialty issue and its conclusion.
Track 8: Psychological disorders
Mental disorders (or psychological disorders) are conditions that affect your thinking, feelings, mood, and behavior. They can be occasional or long-lasting (chronic). They can affect your ability to communicate with others and to function every day. The causes of mental disorders are often not clear. Theories can incorporate findings in a range of areas. Mental disorders are generally defined by a combination of the way a person behaves feels, perceives or thinks.
Track 9: Post-traumatic stress disorder
Post-traumatic stress disorder (ptsd) might be such a nervousness disease that a private could create when being worried in, or seeing any horrendous accidents. The problem was starting perceived in troopers and has been perceived by numerous names, suggestive of 'shell stun'. Anyway it isn't exclusively analyzed in troopers anyway conjointly a decent change of painful encounters will cause nervousness problem. Uneasiness issue could likewise be addressed conflictingly in certain circumstances: if partner degree person's indications create more than a half year while encountering injury, this likely could be chosen as 'postponed ptsd' .if somebody old injury at partner degree early age or it proceeded for an all-inclusive time, you would conceivably be partner degree investigation of 'complex ptsd'. Nervousness issue that creates when a dazzling aptitude of work is moreover called 'birth injury'.
Track 10: Seasonal Affective Disorder
Seasonal affective disorder is a disposition problem that happens each year simultaneously. Specialists accept that sad might be identified with these hormonal changes. One hypothesis is that less daylight during fall and winter prompts the mind making less serotonin, a substance connected to cerebrum pathways that control temperament. At the point when nerve cell pathways in the mind that manage temperament don't work typically, the outcome can be sensations of burdensome, alongside side effects of weariness and weight acquire. Conventional antidepressants are frequently used to treat occasional despondency. Bupropion xl is at present the lone drug that is fda-affirmed explicitly to forestall significant burdensome scenes in individuals with sad.
Track 11: Neurotherapeutics
It is an older term for the treatment of disorders which affect the nervous system psychological, nervous disorders and psychiatric. It is a quarterly peer-reviewed medical journal wrapping research on experimental treatments of neurological disorders. There is a profound improvement in the diagnostics procedure and drug discovery in the field of neurology. It incorporates stem cells and treatment, nerve injury and repair clinical case report, cell, neurogenesis and gene cased approach and neurotransmitter release and cell repair.
Track 12: Pathogenesis of Cognitive Disorders
Neuro pathological signs of cognitive disorders are neurofibrillary tangles and amyloid plaques. Plaques consist majorly of the protein fragment beta-amyloid. This particle is produced from a "parent" molecule called amyloid precursor protein. Tangles comprise of tau, a protein normally involved in maintaining the internal structure of the nerve cell. While tau is normally modified by phosphorylation, or the attachment of phosphate molecules, excessive phosphorylation appears to contribute to tangle formation and prevents the protein from carrying out its normal functions. Oxidative stress or damage to cellular structures by toxic oxygen molecules known as free radicals is also regarded as a pathology characteristic of alzheimer’s. Individuals with alzheimer’s typically experience brain inflammation. Many of the oldest patients with alzheimer’s show signs of cerebrovascular disease in addition to "classic" alzheimer's neuropathology.
Track 13: Neuronal Functions and Disorders
The basic functions of neurons is to receive signal, integrate incoming signals, communicate signal to target cell. It all takes place by cell body called soma. When soma nerves get injured or destroyed it leads to neurological disorders. This soma cells mostly controls breathing, swallowing, walking and speaking. Mostly destruction of that neuron leads to sclerosis multiple, pseudobalbar palsy and muscular atrophy.
Track 14: Neuropsychiatry
Neuropsychiatry is a branch of medicine that deals with mental disorders which are the disorders caused to the nervous system. It precedes the disciplines of psychiatric and neuroscience, which has a common training, however, psychiatry and neurology subsequently splits apart and these are typically practiced separately. A neuropsychiatric is a psychiatrist who is specialist in the diagnosis and treatment of the disorders affecting the brain which cause a change in behavioral, psychological and psychiatric symptoms. Psychiatry is defined as the mental health of a person.
Track 15: Neuro infections
Neurological infections occurs when a virus, bacteria, parasite, fungus attacks the brain and spinal cord; those effects can range from mild illness to serious impairment and even causes death. Infection of the nervous system can involve with the brain encephalitis effects the meninges covering the brain. And the other type of neuro infection is human immunodeficiency virus (hiv), which causes acquired immune deficiency syndrome (aids) and has a worse effect on the body’s immune system as well on central nervous system of the brain. Pathogens enter into the body and infect various organs, including the central nervous system (cns). These infections occur when these pathogens enter the cns. Bacterial neuro infections are commonly secondary to nasal-pharyngeal or inner-Ear infections.
Track 16: Neurosurgery
Neurosurgery is a medical department concerned with the precaution | diagnosis and treatment of patients with injury or diseases of the brain | spinal cord and peripheral nerves inner all parts of the body. A specialist who specializes in neurosurgery is known as neurosurgeon they are not only brain surgeons | but they can medically trained neurosurgical specialists who can also help patients suffering from back and neck pain as well as other illnesses ranging from head injury and parkinson's disease.
- Oncological neurosurgery
- Skull base surgery
- Spinal neurosurgery
- Pediatric neurosurgery
Track 17: Neuro-oncology
Neuro-oncology is the study which deals with the brain and spinal cord ,on which treating many dangerous and life-threatening problems like, ependymoma, pontine glioma, and brain stem tumors . Among the deadly brain cancers, glioblastoma multiforme, and astrocytoma are the worst. In these type of cases, untreated survival usually have a chance to live for few months only, and survival with current radiation and chemotherapy treatments may extend that time from around a year to a year. Neuro-oncology is different neurological science that combines with many aspects of neurology with those of cancer biology. Neuro-oncologist is a specialist in both analyzing and treatment of primary brain tumors and neurologic complications of cancer. Neuro-oncology gives us many opportunities to utilize.
Track 18: Neuropharmacology
Neuropharmacology is the learning of how drugs influence cellular function in the nervous system and the neural mechanisms through which they influence behavior. Neuropharmacology is the study of how drugs affect cellular function in the nervous system, and the neural mechanisms through which they influence behavior. There are two main branches of neuropharmacology one is behavioral and the other one is molecular. Behavioral neuropharmacology focuses on the study of how drugs affect human behavior (neuropsychopharmacology), including the study of how drug dependence and addiction affect the human brain. Molecular neuropharmacology involves the study of neurons and their neurochemical interactions, with the overall goal of developing drugs that have beneficial effects on neurological function. Neurochemical interactions
- Molecular neuropharmacology
- Behavioral neuropharmacology
Track 19: Neuropathology
Neuropathology is the study of pathology focused on the disease of the brain, spinal cord, and neural tissue. This consists of both central nervous system and the peripheral nervous system. Neuropathologists usually work in a department of anatomic pathology for a diagnosis. Tissue analysis appears from either surgical biopsies or post mortem autopsies and this tissue samples include muscle fibbers and nervous tissue. It’s also related to forensic pathology because brain disease or brain injury can be related to brain death.
Track 20: Neurobiology of Brain Disorders
Neurobiology of Brain Disorders provides an overview of the development of brain and clinical research on nervous system disorders including huntington, alzheimer, ocd, ptsd, schizophrenia, adhd, down syndrome, autism, muscular dystrophy, diabetes, tbi, parkinson,depression, pain and its prevention. Your brain is your body’s control center. It’s part of the nervous system, which also includes the spinal cord and a large network of nerves and neurons. Together, the nervous system controls everything from your senses to the muscles throughout your body. When your brain is damaged, it can affect many different things, including your memory, your sensation, and even your personality. Brain disorders include any conditions or disabilities that affect your brain. This includes conditions that are caused by:
- Traumatic injury
Track 21: Neuro Genomics
Neuro genomics is the study of an organism influences the development and function of its nervous system. Neuro genomics investigates connections among genotypes, phenotypes, and the earth, utilizing a scope of genomic and bioinformatics ways to deal with integrate datasets catching various levels of sensory system function this field intends to unite functional genomics and neurobiology in order to understand the nervous system in the from a genomic perspective.
Track 22: Pediatric Neurology
Pediatric Neurology can be observed mainly in teenagers, babies and kids. Paediatric neurology in kids is of three essential sorts in whom two are ischemic neurology in which blockage of veins outcome in absence of blood stream and harm. When a vein is blocked, blood vessel ischemic neurology is utilized. At the point when a vein is blocked, it is cerebral sino venous thrombosis. In the third shape, haemorhagic neurology, the vein crack is to be blocked. The most known signs and side effects of paediatric neurology incorporate the sudden appearance of failing or death of face, arm or leg, more often on one side of the body. The discipline of infant neurology includes spinal cord, brain and autonomic nervous system, peripheral nervous system, muscle and blood vessel illnesses.
Track 23: Neurophysiology
The physiology of nervous system is concerned with investigation of function in peripheral and central nervous system. A major device which is used in neurophysiology is recordings of electrophysiology such as voltage clamp, patch clamp and recording of local field unit. This is the field which is mostly studied since 4000 b.c. it is the trade which also includes neuroscience. To know the function, both neuron physiology and neuroscience combined each other.
Track 24: Neuroimmunology
Neuroimmunology is a field combining neuroscience, the study of the nervous system, and immunology, the study of the immune system. Neuroimmunologists seek to better understand the interactions of these two complex systems during development, homeostasis, and response to injuries. A long-term goal of this rapidly developing research area is to further develop our understanding of the pathology of certain neurological diseases, some of which have no clear etiology. Neuroimmunology contributes to development of new pharmacological treatments for several neurological conditions. Many types of interactions involve both the nervous and immune systems including the physiological functioning of the two systems in health and disease, malfunction of either and or both systems that leads to disorders, and the physical, chemical, and environmental stressors that affect the two systems on a daily basis.
Track 25: Neurodegeneration & Aging Disorders
Neurodegeneration is the process of losing neurons within the brain and spinal cord. Neuron is build blocks for the nervous system including brain and spinal cord. Neurons cannot be regenerated or replace by body normally. Ageing affects many cellular processes that progress to the neurodegeneration and also age-related changes in cellular function will progress to the pathogenesis of pd. Well known neurodegenerative disease are alzheimer's disease (ad), parkinson's disease (pd), huntington's disease (hd) and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (als). Neurodegenerative diseases are genetically inherited causative genes for neurodegenerative disease has been identified by using recent advance in the genetics, drug therapies were provided for neurodegenerative disease by three treatment categories symptomatic, protective and curative.
Track 26: Neurodegenerative diseases
Neurodegenerative diseases cause your brain and nerves to deteriorate over time. They can change your personality and cause confusion. They can also destroy your brain’s tissue and nerves. Some brain diseases, such as alzheimer’s disease, may develop as you age. They can slowly impair your memory and thought processes. Other diseases, such as tay-sachs disease, are genetic and begin at an early age.
The risk of being affected by a neurodegenerative disease increases dramatically with age. More americans living longer means more people may be affected by neurodegenerative diseases in coming decades. This situation creates a critical need to improve our understanding of what causes neurodegenerative diseases and develop new approaches for treatment and prevention.
Neuroimaging : To measure the aspect of brain function, it helps in viewing activities occurring in certain areas and specific mental illness. It is research tool of cognitive neuroscience and neuropsychology. After centuries of research neuroimaging has came into existence in early 1970s and gave neuroscientist and neuropsychologist a living and functional images of brain. A number of empirical research studies grew exponentially after the advent of neuroimaging devices as did the number of new medication. It is mainly of two types that is functional imaging and structural imaging.
Neuro intensive care: It is a medical field that treats life-threatening diseases of the nervous system and identifies, prevents/treats secondary brain injury. Neurocritical care units are a collaborative effort between neuro intensivists, neurosurgeons, neurologists, radiologists, pharmacists, physician extenders (such as nurse practitioners or physician assistants), critical care nurses, respiratory therapists, rehabilitation therapists, and social workers who all work together in order to provide coordinated care for the critically ill neurologic patient.
Track 28: Neuroplasticity & Neuroepidemiology
Neuroplasticity : It is combination of brain plasticity and neural plasticity, is ability of the brain change throughout the individual life. Usually brain activity associated with a given function can be transferred to a different location, the proportion of grey matter can change, and synapses may strengthen or weaken over time. It is observed in multiple scales from microscopic changes in individual neurons to larger-scale changes such as cortical remapping in response to injury.
Neuroepidemiology: The neuroepidemological study is based on neurological diseases distribution and determinants of frequency in human populations. Traditionally, neuroepidemiology has been perceived for a long time as a science of incidence, prevalence, risk factors, natural history and prognosis of neurological disorders. One and only part of neuroepidemology is called non experimental neuroepidemology.
Neurogenetic and neurometabolic abnormalities are disorders which affect how the brain and other organs function. These are occurrence in young children of all ages, genders and races. Neurogenetic disease is the umbrella term of chronic diseases which describe the brain disorders (function and structure) that occur following changes in the genes of the child- these cause certain brain cells to develop and function abnormally. In the case of neurometabolic abnormalities, these disorders result from problems in the enzymes of the body’s cells that either unable to use foods to produce the energy which cell requisite, or get purge of the breakdown products of the foods which are used.
Track 30 : Migraine
A migraine is a major headache disorder which characterized by recurrent headaches that are moderate to severe. Typically, the headaches affect one of the head, are pulsating in nature and last from a few hours to 3 days. It has some symptoms like nausea, vomiting and sensitivity to light, sound or smell. The pain is generally made inferior by physical activity. Up to one third of people affected have an aura, typically a short period of visual disturbance that signals that the headache will occur very soon!
- Migraine with aura (complicated)
- Migraine without aura (common migraine)
- Retinal migraine
- Cluster headaches
- Cervicogenic headache